Animal welfare council takes action after bull dies transporting sugar cane | Nagpur News

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Nagpur: Following the death of a bull due to suspected overloading of sugarcane during peak heat hours in Shirur (Pune), the Maharashtra Animal Welfare Board and the Animal Husbandry Department of the State have directed the entire operation of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) in different districts to ensure strict compliance with standards relating to the use of animals for transportation.
The action was taken following a recent complaint by animal welfare activist Ajay Marathe, who pointed out that animals are exposed to very high levels of mercury when used during transport .
Referring to the latest incident where a bull carrying sugar cane died in Pune, the activist wrote: “Such activities should only be restricted to mornings and evenings during summers. In addition, adequate food and water provisions must be ensured for the animals.
Taking note of his complaint, the council of state asked the member secretaries of all SPCAs to ensure that the rules are followed. In accordance with the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Carrying Animals on Foot) Rules 2001, the maximum number of hours per day and the distance are set for different animals.
For example, the maximum limit for cattle is eight hours and 30 kilometers per day, with a mandatory break every two hours to drink water and every four hours for food.
The temperature range is 12 to 30 degrees Celsius. Similarly for buffaloes, the maximum distance that they can be made to walk is 25 kilometers and that for horses and mules is 45 km.
Other than that, the rules for the prevention of cruelty to draft and pack animals state that no one can use an animal to pull a vehicle or carry a load for more than nine hours a day.
“Animals should not be required to walk in areas where the temperature exceeds 37 degrees Celsius between noon and 3 p.m.,” the rules said.
It is also compulsory for the owner of the animals to ensure that they are in good health and to wear first aid equipment. A certificate from a veterinarian, confirming the health of the animals, is also essential.

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