Animal welfare measures affect the profitability of Swedish milk and beef production. Secondary and long-term effects of animal welfare strategies and the perceived value of animal welfare should be considered.
Society’s demands for animal welfare and the costs this entails while imported foods are produced under less stringent animal welfare regulations have led to extensive discussions in the industry.
This is relevant because Sweden has, in many ways, stricter requirements than other countries.
“Good animal welfare can have value in itself and can bring benefits to animals, farmers and society. Animal welfare is important to animal welfare and is ensured by animal regulations But at the same time, animal welfare efforts can reduce the financial returns of farms with livestock, but more research is needed,” said rresearcher Ulf Emanuelson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
Through policy and regulation, it may be possible to convert functional values of animal welfare into monetary terms without losing respect for intrinsic values (for the animal itself). Marketable product attributes or public policies and subsidies can still maintain or even improve profitability, without sacrificing animal welfare.