Electric pet collars are to be banned in England.
Environment Secretary Michael Gove said the “punitive” collars “are causing harm and suffering to our pets.”
They are already banned in Wales and Scotland is preparing to ban them as well.
Collars can be used to modify certain behaviors in animals, such as excessive barking or wandering beyond property lines.
The pet owner can administer a small electric shock through the collar when unwanted behavior occurs.
Mr Gove said: “We are a nation of animal lovers and the use of punitive shock collars causes harm and suffering to our pets.
“This ban will improve animal welfare and I urge pet owners to use positive reward training methods instead.”
The ban has been welcomed by some animal welfare groups such as the Dogs Trust.
Dr Rachel Casey, Director of Canine Behavior Research at the Dogs Trust, said: ‘Scientific research has shown that electronic devices that deliver an aversive stimulus have a negative impact on the welfare of dogs, so this ban will have a major positive impact for dogs in the UK. “
However, other groups said the ban was a mistake and accused Mr Gove of ignoring his own department’s research.
A letter sent by the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) to the Royal Veterinary College in February, consulted by the Press Association, suggested that there was not enough evidence to support a prohibition.
Ian Gregory, a lobbyist for pet collars, said Mr. Gove should not be swayed by “anecdotal” issues with the devices.
“The hundreds of thousands of dog owners using a remote trainer do not deserve to be criminalized,” he said.