Innovative approaches to maternal and newborn health are essential to ensure greater coverage of quality services
Although we live in modern and technologically advanced times, it is disheartening that nearly 300,000 women died during pregnancy and childbirth in 2017 worldwide, while 2.4 million newborns died in 2019 in the world. during their first 28 days.
What is even more upsetting is the fact that the majority of maternal deaths could have been prevented with proper medical care. A high percentage of these deaths take place in developing countries, so poverty and inequality are often the underlying causes of tragic consequences for women.
Innovative approaches to maternal and newborn health are invaluable because they have the potential to improve the quality of health care services, ensure better health outcomes for women and their babies, and finally – ensure a better health outcomes for women and their babies. equitable access to essential maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. .
Let’s take a closer look at new interventions and approaches to MNH service delivery.
Medical products and health technologies
New medical technologies are primarily focused on providing low-cost, low-tech iterations of existing devices. The low-tech function refers to more simplified construction and production principles for these instruments.
These innovative products include single-use obstetric kits, low-cost, low-tech portable obstetric ultrasound equipment, automated blood pressure measuring devices suitable for low-resource environments, and non-shock resistant clothing. pneumatic tires to stabilize and resuscitate pregnant women with hypovolemic shock.
In addition to this, inexpensive, low-tech birth pacemakers have been used and found to be very useful in training various executives to provide safe birthing techniques.
When talking about new technologies that ensure better health outcomes for women and their newborns, it is impossible not to mention the cord blood bank, a process of collecting stem cells from the umbilical cord and the placenta.
These powerful stem cells have vital capacities. Those obtained from cord blood can be used in the treatment of nearly 100 conditions, including leukemia and anemia. And their full treatment potential is still unknown.
When it comes to newborn health, low-cost, low-tech baby warmers, neonatal resuscitators, and phototherapy devices for the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia have attracted more attention.
Innovative approaches for health workers
One of the main problems in the human workforce is the shortage of qualified health professionals. Therefore, these approaches focus primarily on improving the knowledge, skills and competencies of medical personnel.
For example, these approaches include new training programs such as training professional midwives in newborn care, as skilled birth care can improve the survival and health of newborns. Some innovative midwifery programs have had amazing results, such as reducing premature births by up to 24%.
In addition, simulations are used to provide additional training for physicians and other healthcare workers in neonatal resuscitation.
Innovative education strategies have used e-learning, also known as e-learning programs, and telephone texts for continuing education in environments where in-person training is difficult or cannot be delivered. .
Community ownership and participation
There is growing evidence that community ownership and participation positively affects maternal and newborn mortality. Community-based interventions focus on strengthening community-based health mechanisms and, as such, are essential for providing effective mental health care services.
Engagement of community leaders, community health education, community mental health care packages, and other forms of community participation can increase population coverage and responsiveness to the needs of new mothers and their babies.
Reliable online resources can also be of great help.
Comprehensive and independent information on health conditions, drugs, medical devices and the latest health news, provided by authoritative websites like Meds News, gives women access to scientifically-based medical articles, written in a clear and concise manner.
This type of medical content allows women to stay abreast of current medical services and treatment options, so that they are well informed when consulting with their health care providers on issues relating to antenatal care, pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal care.
New funding models
The financial burden of maternal and newborn health care in low- and middle-income countries falls primarily on households. This means that families unable to pay find it difficult to endure delays or even cannot access the care they need, which sometimes leads to fatal outcomes.
In this regard, innovative health financing models that remove or reduce user fees for MNH services have been shown to have positive effects. They increase access and use of these services, improving care among vulnerable populations such as the poor.
Innovative approaches to maternal and newborn health are essential to ensure greater coverage of quality services and improve health outcomes for women and their newborns.
Reaching out to poor and remote populations and educating them on critical issues such as understanding women’s reproductive cycles has proven to be of utmost importance, as vulnerable groups are at higher risk of mortality and health complications.
Finally, for innovative approaches to be successful, they must also be properly evaluated, sustainable and integrated into the health system. This will ensure universal access to essential medical services during pregnancy, childbirth and the baby’s first month of life.